How Did the Share Market Start? History of the Share Market

Share Market-pillar of the global financial system

The share market is an essential pillar of the global financial system. It enhances the buying and selling of company stocks and other securities, allowing businesses to raise capital and investors to gain ownership in these enterprises. The stock market training center in Kolkata teaches people to become successful traders.
The origins of the share market trace back centuries, evolving from simple trading arrangements to the complex, interconnected systems we know today. This article explores the fascinating history of the share market and its journey from ancient times to the modern era.

Ancient Roots

Buying and selling stocks in businesses is not a recent development. Historical records show that share-like arrangements existed in ancient civilizations. One of the earliest instances was in Ancient Rome, where joint-stock companies existed during the Republic period. These companies, known as publicans, enabled individuals to pool their resources to finance trading ventures and share the profits. In Ancient India, similar practices occurred during the Mauryan and Gupta periods, where “adhishtana” allowed merchants to pool funds for overseas trade.

Early Indian Trading

The modern trading system in India can be dated back to ancient times. During the early stages of Indian civilization, diverse economic activities, such as maritime trade along the coast and overland trade routes, started gaining prominence. Merchants and traders embraced the concept of selling shares to interested investors to secure capital for their ambitious ventures and spread the risks associated with long-distance trade.

These early trading practices were often conducted in bustling marketplaces, vibrant trading centers, and local gatherings where merchants and investors could negotiate deals. Over time, these informal transactions laid the groundwork for the evolution of more structured and formalized stock exchanges in India, serving as a crucial step in shaping the nation’s financial landscape.

The Birth of the First Stock Exchange

The 17th century established the first formal stock exchange in Amsterdam, Netherlands, in 1602. The Dutch East India Company issued the world’s first publicly traded shares, allowing investors to buy and sell company ownership. The exchange, known as the Amsterdam Stock Exchange (now known as Euronext Amsterdam), marked a significant leap forward in the organization of financial markets.

The Rise of the Indian Stock Exchange

Journey of the Indian stock market

The Indian Stock Exchange has undergone a remarkable journey of growth and development. From its humble beginnings rooted in early Indian trading practices to the establishment of formalized stock exchanges in the modern era, it has played a pivotal role in shaping India’s financial landscape.

Over the centuries, Indian traders and merchants utilized shares to raise capital for their ventures, providing the foundation for the emergence of a more organized stock market. The Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE), founded in 1875, marked a significant milestone as Asia’s first stock exchange and further catalyzed the growth of India’s financial markets.

The Evolution of Stock Exchanges

During the 19th and 20th centuries, after the BSE outbreak, various regional stock exchanges in Ahmedabad, Madras, Kolkata and Hyderabad prospered over the decades that followed. The development of telegraph and telephone networks enabled communication and trade execution, further boosting the growth of stock markets.

The Age of Electronic Trading

The late 20th century saw a significant transformation in stock trading with the advent of electronic trading platforms. Electronic communication networks (ECNs) and digital platforms allowed traders and investors to execute trades electronically, reducing the need for physical presence on the trading floor. This shift democratized access to markets and accelerated the speed and efficiency of trade execution.


The share market’s history is a testament to humanity’s continuous quest for economic progress and growth. From ancient trading arrangements to today’s technologically advanced and interconnected markets, the share market has evolved to meet the requirement of businesses and investors worldwide. As we move into the 21st century, the share market’s journey will undoubtedly continue to shape the global economy and finance the dreams and aspirations of future generations. Sign up for the best stock market training in Kolkata to get started.

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